The sweet smelling incense represents our service (avodah) to G-d; the service of the heart, consists of our prayers to G-d. May our words be lifted upon the wings of our love and fear (awe, reverence, and respect) of G-d.
The blueprints for the mishkan (tabernacle) given to Moses while he was on Sinai, were given to him before the fiasco of the golden calf. In this case, these blueprints served as the remedy (i.e., the mishkan itself) to the ailment (idolatry). For, as is written in the Talmud, the cure precedes the sickness.
The olive oil brought for the seven-branched menorah, needed to be of a top grade quality. The crushing of the olives to obtain this purity, symbolically is likened to our plight in this world, with all of the nisyanos (challenges) presented to us in our lives.
Rashi, Sforno, and the Torah itself contribute to our understanding of how the quality of our weekdays will enhance the experience of Shabbat. Our efforts during the week are "rewarded," to some extent, by the felt level of kedushah (holiness), that we may receive on Shabbos.
The sublime experiences of life, need to be reconciled with the ordinary day to day walk with G-d. To stay on the derech (path), bringing the spiritual awareness of non-ordinary experiences into every area of life is very important, in order to walk in a balanced way.
Approaching H'Shem (the L-RD) with awe and reverence; the revelation at Sinai serves as a reminder, not to forget yiras H'Shem, fear of G-d, in terms of the proper attitude of awe, respect and reverence towards Him.